Which type of reaction in retained surgical sponge is more dangerous?

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COD: 04_2015_931_2026 Categorie: ,

Mesut Gul, Ibrahim Aliosmanoglu, Burak Veli Ulger, Abdullah Oguz,
Mehmet Güli Çetinçakmak, Ahmet Türkoglu

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2015 86: 378-382

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BACKGROUND: Retained surgical sponge is a term to define forgotten surgical sponges during operation. RSS causes two kinds of reactions in the body. The first one is to develop an abscess through exudative inflammatory reaction in early phases and second one is to form a mass through aseptic inflammatory reaction which can stay asymptomatic for months, even for years. In this study we aimed to investigate the time of hospital admission, type of reaction and effect of need for bowel resection on prognosis in patients with retained surgical sponge.
METHODS: In the study, we scanned the files of 18 patients with retained surgical sponge who had been operated at Dicle University Medical Faculty General Surgery Clinic between January 1994 and July 2012, retrospectively.
RESULTS: Need for intestine resection was higher in patients who were operated in the early phase (p:0.034). Morbidity and duration of hospital stay were significantly higher (respectively P:0.02, P:0.007) in patients who had underwent intestine resection.
CONCLUSION: In patients with retained surgical sponge, need for intestine resection is increased due to exudative reaction
in the early phase. This increase is giving rise to morbidity rates and prolonged hospital stay.