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Surgical options in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis have undergone both development and controversial discussion in the past decades. Operations such as the classical and pyloruspreserving Whipple resections are more and more being replaced by operations such as the duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection, which preserves extrapancreatic organs like the stomach, the duodenum and the extrapancreatic bile duct. The latter operation preserves a normal food passage and glucose metabolism after surgical intervention. In addition, the duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection provides long-term pain relief and reduction in up to 90% of chronic pancreatitis patients, as well as a general improvement in quality of life. This article will summarize and compare the surgical options in the treatment of chronic pancreatitis and will provide arguments why the duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection should replace the classical and the pyloruspreserving Whipple resections as the standard surgical procedure used to treat chronic pancreatitis-related complications.