Treatment of colorectal injuries in the civil war and the factors affecting mortality

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COD: 2800_31_01_2018_AOP Categorie: ,

Mustafa Ugur, Erol Kilic, Yavuz Savas Koca, Ibrahim Yetim, Muhyittin Temiz,
Onur Koyuncu

Ann Ital Chir, Digital Edition 2018; 7
Epub Ahead of Print – January 31

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AIM: Colorectal injuries are one of the most common causes of mortality in war. Mainstay treatment of these injuries
include primary repair or stoma creation.
METHODS: Clinical data of the patients were evaluated retrospectively. Time from injury to hospital admission, method
of treatment, the colorectal area affected, injury severity score ISS, hemodynamic instability, and mortality rate were
determined.
RESULTS: Of the 61 patients included in the study. Mean time from injury to hospital admission was 160±19 minutes.
The injury was in the right colon in 24 patients 39.3%, in the left colon in 18 29.5%, and in the rectum in
19 31.2% patients. Median ISS value of 61 patients was 16, IQR 5. Mortality and complication rates were higher in
patients with hemodynamic instability and stoma requirement was also higher in this group p<0.05. Total mortality occurred in 15 24.5% patients. Of these, 10 66.6% patients had hemodynamic instability. DISCUSSION: Hemodynamic instability is the most important factor affecting the mortality and the treatment method in wartime colorectal injuries. CONCLUSION: We believe that in victims of war with colorectal injuries, surgical intervention before the development of hemodynamic instability may reduce the rate of mortality and stoma requirement.

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