Trattamento conservativo di fistola chilosa del collo in paziente sottoposta a reintervento chirurgico di linfectomia bilaterale per carcinoma midollare della tiroide. Case report

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COD: 361-364 Categorie: ,

Eleonora Giove, Domenico Merlicco, Eleonora Nacchiero, Rinaldo Marzaioli

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2010; 81: 361-364

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Chyle fistula is an uncommon serious complication of neck surgery, occurring in 1-3% of radical neck dissections. An
untreated chyle leak is a potentially dangerous condition that may rarely lead to hypovolemia, hyponatremia, hypochloremia,
hypoproteinemia and lymphopenia. Anatomic variants of the terminal portion of the thoracic duct and suction drainage
in the neck wound play a primary role in causing this kind of lesion.
Poor is the literature concerning chyle fistula, due to its rarity, and mostly case reports; still debated – prevalently empiric
– is the management of this disease.
The Authors report a case of chyle fistula following a reintervention of cervical bilateral lymphectomy for medullary carcinoma
of the thyroid in a 75 years old female.
In the reported case the chyle fistula was successfully treated conservatively, in early post-operative period with a low-fat
diet and total parenteral nutrition, definitely followed by sclerosant therapy. The injection of a sclerosant agent (4 g of
sterile medical talc diluted in isotonic sodium chloride solution) into the supraclavicular wound bed, through the drainage
tube (clamped for 2 hours), determined rapid decline in fistula output, hence obviating surgical intervention.

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