Surgical myotomy and anterior fundoplication for achalasia disease. Short-term outcomes


COD: 02_2021_08_3268 Categoria:

Orçun Yalav, Uğur Topal, Burak Yavuz, Serdar Gümüş, Ahmet Rencüzoğullari

Ann Ital Chir, 2021 92, 2: 149-154

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AIM: Achalasia is a well-known disease among esophageal motility disorders, and all treatments for this disease are aimed at relaxing the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). Recently, endoscopic and surgical myotomy techniques are used more frequently because they give better results than other conservative techniques. In this study, we aimed to present the early results of surgical myotomy and anterior fundoplication techniques in the treatment of achalasia-related dysphagia.
METHODS: Our study enrolled patients who operated with laparoscopic myotomy and anterior fundoplication for achalasia between 2014 and 2019. Patients’ demographic and clinical properties, operative details, and postoperative shortterm outcomes were retrospectively analyzed.
RESULTS: A total of 25 patients (11 women, 14 men) were enrolled. The mean age was 40.72±13.6 (range 18-66) years. The mean LES pressure was 26.6±11.2 (range 16-50) mmHg. The mean esophageal myotomy length was 7.83±1.88 (range 7-12 cm). Esophagus perforation developed in one patient during myotomy. The mean time to start oral feeding was 2.56±0.76 (range 2-4) days, and the mean length of hospital stay was 4.96±1.17 (range 3-8) days. During the follow-up, symptom regression was observed in 92 % of patients at the end of a 1-year.
CONCLUSION: According to our results and available literature, myotomy with Dor fundoplication is an effective technique that can be used to treat achalasia disease.