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AIM: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is an important diagnostic and therapeutic tool in patients with hepato-pancreatobiliary diseases. In the present study, we sought to determine predictors of post-ERCP complications at our institution.
METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent ERCP in between January 2010 and November 2011 was done. Demographics, indications, ERCP findings, success rate, complications and the need of repeat procedure were evaluated with special emphasis on the difficulty in cannulation procedure, the primary etiology of the disease (benign/malign) and age. Chi-square analysis was applied for statistical analysis. The differences were considered statistically significant, if the p value was less than 0.05.
RESULTS: A total of 112 ERCP was performed in 81 patients. Thirty-eight were male (46.9 %) and 43 were female (53.1%). Mean age was 61.3 (range 17-88), and 31 patients was seventy years and older (38.3 %). Complications were detected in 28 patients (34.6 %). Nine cases with difficult or unsuccessful cannulation (69.2 %) had complications(p=0.001). Patients with benign diseases showed less complications (21/70), in comparison with those with malignancies (7/11) (30 % vs. 63.6 %, respectively; p<0.05). Complication rate in patients 70 years and older was 32.2 % (n=10) compared to 35.3 % in patients younger than 70 (n= 18) (p<0.05).
CONCLUSION: Risk factors such as difficult or incomplete cannulation and malignancy are considered as possible predisposing factors for complications. Age is an independent factor.