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BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis is still frequent in emergency surgical departments. As surgical technique, nowadays
laparoscopy is widely used and with low complications and with low postoperative morbidity.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: We perform an analytical study about the safety of laparoscopic surgery in patients with acute
cholecystitis in a single Surgical Department with an experience of over 20 years in laparoscopic surgery. We included
193 patient admitted in our department during 2014 and 2015.
RESULTS: Of the 193 patients, 43% were diagnosed with acute lithiasic cholecystitis (ALC) whereas 56% had chronic
lithiasic cholecystitis (CLC). We assessed the comorbidities of the patient via Pearson’s Chi-Square test and we found out
that there is a significant relationship between acute cholecystitis and high blood tension, obesity and diabetes. Surgical
techniques performed were in 95% of cases laparoscopic cholecystectomy and only in 5% we performed open surgery.
DISCUSSIONS: Experienced surgeons have a lower conversion rate as compared to less experienced surgeons. For this reason,
postoperative assessment criteria have been proposed, with a view to identify the risk of conversion
CONCLUSION: In our study laparoscopic surgery for acute cholecystitis is a safe procedure with low intraoperative complication
rate and with a reduced hospital stay.