Relationships between androgen receptor expression and clinicopathological parameters in male breast cancer


COD: 06_2022_3464-1 Categorie: ,

Ramazan Uçak, Canan Tanik, Cemal Kaya, Emre Bozkurt, Fevziye Kabukçuoğlu

Ann Ital Chir, 2022 93, 1: 40-47

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INTRODUCTION: Most patients with male breast cancer (MBC) express the androgen receptor (AR). AR expression in these tumors may have both prognostic and predictive values because its presence indicates the potential benefits of an anti-androgen therapeutic approach. The present study aimed to investigate the relationship between AR expression and clinicopathological parameters in MBC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data of 35 patients who received a histological diagnosis of MBC at the pathology department of our hospital between January 2007 and December 2017 were retrospectively reviewed. The patients’ demographic data, follow-up records and pathology reports were recorded. AR expression status and its relationship with clinicopathological parameters were evaluated. The chi-square test was used to compare independent groups. Univariate survival analyses were performed using the Kaplan–Meier survival procedure. A p value of ≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: There was no significant relationship between AR expression and AJCC stage (p=0.585), pathologic stage (p=0.696), histologic grade (p=0.685), lymph-node status (p=0.685), survival rate (p=1.000), age(p=1.000), lymphovascular invasion (p=0.700), perineural invasion(p=1.000), skin invasion (p=1.000), nipple involvement(p=1.000), DCIS presence(p=1.000), ER positivity(p=1.000), PR positivity (p=0.218), Her2 expression (p=0.523), Ki67 index (p=0.685), Luminal A group (p=0.700), Luminal B group (p=0.691), triple negative group (p=1.000). CONCLUSION: Further investigation of the relation between AR expression and clinicopathological parameters of patients with MBC might yield important information and lead to the development of additional treatment options.