Nonoperative management for major blunt hepatic trauma. A case report

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COD: 2232_16_05_2015_ep Categorie: ,

Andrea Mingoli, Andrea Saracino, Gioia Brachini, Giovanni Mariotta, Emanuele Migliori,Vania Silvestri

Ann. Ital. Chir.Published online (EP) 16 March 2015

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INTRODUCTION: Over the past 20 years the management of blunt liver trauma has evolved from a primary operativeapproach to a nonoperative one, for both low and high grade injuries, only on the basis of hemodynamic stability.However, in spite of a high success rate of non operative management, it is frequently observed, also in our country, anold fashioned way to approach these patients, based on habit more than observation and evidence based medicine.
CASE REPORT: We present a case of successful nonoperative treatment of a grade IV blunt liver trauma (lacero-contusiveinjury of V, VI and VII segments) in a 34-year-old woman.
DISCUSSION: Nowadays more than 85% of liver injuries are managed without operative intervention, irrespective of theinjury grade. Success rate of the conservative approach ranges from 82% to 100% and almost all complications (14%in high grade injuries) can be managed with interventional radiology procedures, still avoiding major surgery.
CONCLUSION:Today, in the absence of other abdominal injuries requiring surgical exploration, hemodynamic instabilityfrom ongoing hemorrhage after primary evaluation and resuscitative treatment, is the only indication to an operativemanagement of traumatic liver injuries.