Microsurgical SCIA/SIEA flap for facial contour correction in patient with hemifacial microsomia

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COD: 02_2017_11_2664 Categorie: ,

Andrea Battisti, Andrea Cassoni, Davina Bartoli, Marco Della Monaca, Giorgio Barbera, Edoardo Cerbelli, Valentino Valentini

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2017 88, 2: 160-162

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AIM: We propose our experience in soft tissue reconstruction in Hemifacial microsomia using
a free fascioadiposal flap.
MATERIAL OF STUDY: Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a congenital disorder characterized by craniofacial malformation
of one or both sides of the lower face. A 18-year-old female presented with hemifacial microsomia involving the left side.
A free SCIA/SIEA fascioadiposal flap was transferred to the left face for soft tissue augmentation.
RESULTS: The immediate postoperative course of the patient was uneventful, with no complication and adequate augmentation
in contour deformity was achieved. One year after the procedure, the patient presented a good resolution of
the deformity with improved facial symmetry
DISCUSSION: Reconstruction for facial contour deformities is still a challenging process and treatment for most cases is
achieved only by soft tissue augmentation. Several microsurgical flaps have been proposed for restoration of facial asymmetry
and improvement of facial volume and contour in these patients: deltopectoral, parascapular, anterolateral thigh,
groin and deep inferior epigastric. This article reports our experience in facial soft tissue reconstruction with microsurgical
superficial circumflex iliac artery/superficial inferior epigastric artery (SCIA/SIEA) fascioadiposal flap transfer in
patient with HFM. This flap, which has a dual blood vascularization and pliant soft tissue, can provide an ideal treatment
for soft tissue augmentation in hemifacial microsomia with optimal aesthetic results both in the face and at the
donor site.
CONCLUSION: The free SCIA/SIEA fascioadiposal flap is a optimal choise option for soft tissue reconstruction with good
esthetical outcome both in the face and at the donor site.