Lower gastrointestinal bleeding treated with transcatheter arterial embolization Case report and review of the literature


COD: 281-286-2 Categorie: ,

Maria Pomoni, Athanasios Sissopoulos, Nicolas Condilis, Anastasia Pomoni, Athanasios N. Chalazonitis, Ioanna Vasileiou, Nikolaos Ptohis, Dimitrios A. Kelekis

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2008; 79: 281-286

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Acute lower gastrointestinal bleeding, is often a dramatic situation, associated with mortality rate up to 28%. Currently transcatheter alternatives have found their place in the therapeutic spectrum of this situation. An interesting question is when should this procedure be performed and which are the difficulties when performing it. We present the case of a 75-year old woman with acute massive lower gastrointestinal bleeding on the tenth post-operative day of a colic and partial ileal resection. Superselective angiography of the superior mesenteric artery was obtained that disclosed marked contrast extravasation of distal branches of the left colic artery as well as from a small branch feeding the distal enteric anastomoses. Clinical success was achieved after superselective embolization which was accomplished by using polyvinyl alcohol particles. The patient was discharged 5 days later and there were no procedure-related complications during 6-month follow-up period. So, especially in post-operative patients who are considered to be poor candidates for surgical treatment, arterial embolotherapy should be established not only as treatment option, but also as first line therapy for LGI bleeding.


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