Less is more: “incision and curettage” as an optimal procedure for recurrent pilonidal disease.

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COD: 16_1174_2408 Categorie: ,

Uygar Demir, Pinar Yazici, Ozgur Bostanci, Cemal Kaya, Riza Gurhan Isil, Mehmet Mihmanli.

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2015 86: 575-579

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AIM: Although pilonidal disease has been a well-known entity for more than a century, recurrence of pilonidal disease is still not rare. The optimal surgical approach to recurrent disease is under debate. In this study, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of “incision and curettage” procedure for recurrent pilonidal disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From May 2009 to May 2013, 42 patients (37 male/5 female) underwent surgical treatment for recurrent pilonidal disease. Incision and curettage of granulation tissue, hair and debris in the cavity were performed in all cases. Data collection included demographics, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, hospital stay, return to daily activities (lying, sitting down in comfort) and work, and complete wound healing time. RESULTS: Mean operating time was 16.6±4.7 (10-24) minutes. Mean pain score was 1.4±1.1 (0-5) with VAS. The mean duration of returning to daily activities such as comfortable lying down, sitting and returning to work were 1.6±0.8 (1-4) days, and 3.3±2.3 (1-15) days, and 10.2±5.4 (5-33) days, respectively. The mean wound healing time was 19.9±7.8 (7-52) days. During the three-year follow-up period, no recurrence was observed. DISCUSSION: “Incision and curettage” may be performed as first-line treatment for recurrent cases. It does not require surgical skill and can be easily applied in a short time. CONCLUSION: This simple surgical option, incision curettage provides short hospital stay and quick return to daily activities, in addition to patient comfort and satisfaction.

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