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Splenic cysts are classified as primary (parasitic and nonparasitic) or secondary cysts. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of laparoscopic approach in surgical treatment of splenic cysts and abscesses. Methods: Between 2002 and 2017, 17 patients underwent laparoscopic approach for splenic cysts and abscesses: 9 laparoscopic splenectomies (4 hydatid cysts, 3 primitive nonparasitic cysts, one posttraumatic cysts and one abscess) and conservative laparoscopic treatment 8 patients (2 hydatid cysts, 2 primitive nonparasitic cysts, 2 secondary cysts and 2 abscesses). The lateral approach with a four-trocar technique was used. Patient demographics, diagnosis, and outcomes were reviewed. Results: In laparoscopic splenectomy, spleen volume was 300 ml and blood loss 30 – 65 ml. There are 3 conversions and 2 postoperative complications (Clavien II). No late complications were observed during the follow-up. Conclusions: The laparoscopic
approach to splenic cysts offers many advantages and may be the treatment of choice for this pathology. Spleen-preserving techniques should be attempted in every case of splenic cyst types 1,2,3, especially non-parasitic cysts, in young patients.