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INTRODUCTION: Due to irreversible damage following head trauma, many overlapping pathophysiological events occur including excitotoxicity, acidotoxicity, ionic imbalance, edema, oxidative stress inflammation and apoptosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this this study, after the rats were separated in to groups theserats were fed throughout fourteen days with betaine, omega-3 or betaine+omega-3 combination in physiological limits prior to the trauma. After a closed head trauma, the damaged brain tissues were collected for biochemically and histologically analyses. This examination involved analyses of levels of caspase-3 and cytochrome C and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels in brain tissue.
RESULTS: These analyses showed that traumatic brain injury (TBI) caused an increase in the levels of caspase-3, cytochrome C and neuron-specific enolase (NED) in the brain tissues examined.