Iatrogenic subcutaneous emphysema in aesthetic breast augmentation. Medicolegal aspects


COD: 02_2021_05_3382 Categoria:

Emilio Trignano, Claudia Trignano, Manuel Baccari, Pietro Luciano Serra, Nicola Pili, Elena Mazzeo, Corrado Rubino

Ann Ital Chir, 2021 92, 2: 131-134

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The aim of the present study was to investigate clinical results and medico-legal aspects related to the surgical procedure
of mini breast augmentation. In the present case, a 28-year-old young woman with bilateral mammary hypoplasia underwent surgery, under local anesthesia, with the placement of 150 cc breast implants in the sub-glandular plane. We report a case of dramatic isolated subcutaneous emphysema without pneumothorax and pneumomediastinum to be related in terms of a causal link to the surgical procedure which the patient underwent. The plastic surgeon proceeded to replace a breast implant that presumably, represented the vehicle of transmission of the suspected pathogen responsible for the infection, to become a causal role for the infectious manifestation. This case report is an emblematic example of the need for a careful and correct surgical procedure, in order to avoid serious consequences as in the case in question, burdened by the occurrence of unsafe conditions for the patient. Compliance with the guidelines and the technical datasheet of breast implants is essential in order to avoid the concrete hypothesis of professional liability.