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Iatrogenic biliary leak treated by performing exploratory laparoscopic using indocyanine green (ICG) fluorescence. A case report and review of literature
INTRODUCTION: Cholangiography with indocyanine green fluorescence (ICG) is increasingly used to visualize the bile duct anatomy during laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Biliary leaks are rare complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy, result could be lethal. Lesion’s site is not always visible. We present an interesting case of a patient with biloma due to an iatrogenic lesion of the biliary tract, treated in urgency using ICG fluorescence. To our knowledge, this is the only case in the literature.
CASE PRESENTATION: A 62-years-old patient after 7 days from laparoscopic cholecystectomy presented abdominal pain and fever. Blood tests showed an increase of inflammation indexes. Abdominal US and abdominal CT revealed a conspicuous right sub-hepatic fluid. We performed a laparoscopy using ICG fluorescence to find the biliary leak. Operative time of surgery was 60 min. There were no complications during this procedure.
CONCLUSIONS: ICG is a safe and effective procedure that enables real-time visualization of the biliary system. In some cases, it can also be used in urgent surgery, where the biliary anatomy is much more complex.