Cystosarcoma phyllodes with muscular and lymph node metastasis Our experience and review of the literature

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COD: 331-336 Categorie: ,

Alessandro Sanguinetti, Giovanni Bistoni, Filippo Calzolari, Roberta Lucchini,
Massimo Monacelli, Roberta Triola, Nicola Avenia

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2012 83: 331-336

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BACKGROUND: Phyllodes tumors are biphasic fibroepithelial neoplasms of the breast. While the surgical management of these relatively uncommon tumors has been addressed in the literature, few reports have commented on the surgicalapproach to tumors greater than ten centimeters in diameter – the giant phyllodes tumor.
CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 45-year-old woman who presented with a large lump in her right breast, involvement of multiple ipsilateral axillary lymph nodes and pectoralis major muscle. Clinical findings and cytologic examination (fine-needle aspiration) were suggestive of cystosarcoma phyllodes and we discuss the techniques utilized for pre-operative diagnosis, tumor removal, and breast reconstruction. A review of the literature on the surgical management of phyllodes tumors was performed.
CONCLUSION: Management of the phyllodes tumor presents the surgeon with unique challenges. The majority of these tumors can be managed by simple mastectomy. In our case clinical findings and cytologic examination (fine-needle aspiration) were suggestive of cystosarcoma phyllodes, for which the patient underwent a modified radical mastectomy. Postoperative radio therapy was given to the loco regional area.

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