Conservative treatment of non-healing plantar skin ulcer complicated by infection and fistula in congenital clubfoot. A case report.

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COD: 24_11_2022_3866_ep-1 Categorie: , ,

Luca Palombi, Monica Morelli, Maurizio Palombi

Ann Ital Chir, 2022; 11 – Nov. 24

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Conservative treatment of non-healing plantar skin ulcer complicated by infection and fistula in congenital clubfoot. A case report.

INTRODUCTION: Congenital changes related to Spina Bifida (SB) include congenital clubfoot (PTC), also known as equinovarus congenital clubfoot. Skin pressure ulcers represent a frequent complication associated with SB and PTC, determined by both sensitivity deficits and skeletal alterations of plantar support. This conditions can lead to the onset of frequent neurotrophic skin ulcers.
CASE REPORT: 72-year-old female patient suffering from spina bifida with congenital clubfoot condition, complicated by ulcerative lesion in the plantar region with fistula and infection (Proteus Mirabilis). An infectious disease evaluation with monitoring of the inflammatory-infectious hematochemical values and targeted antibiothic-therapy was performed. The patient performed a scintigraphic examination in order to exclude the osteomyelitis process. The dressing protocol set up was: Disinfection with disinfectant based on Poliesanide and Betaine, with the use of Nelaton 6 Fr catheter (and subsequent dressings with 18 G needle cannula), inside the fistulous channel. Subsequent abundant washing with 0.9% saline solution. Application of oily phyto-product Mix of Neem Oil and Hypericum Perforatum (1-Primary Wound
Dressing), inoculating it with the catheter inside the medium and checking its leakage from both sides and cover with sterile gauze and bandage with cohesive bandage. After 4 weeks there was a reduction in the size of the fistula and the disappearance of serum-corpuscular secretions. At 7 weeks, complete re-epithelialization of the skin ulcerative lesion was observed.
DISCUSSION: This case report refers to the conservative medical treatment of a complex case of non-healing pressure skin ulcer with distant fistulization. The main difficulty in managing this lesion was identifying the right dressing that could reach and spread within the fistulous channel, favoring the reduction of the inflammatory-infectious process. The dressing used, as it was in an oily formulation, therefore had the right characteristics as it was easy to inoculate. The oily mix of Neem and Hypericum Perforatum (1-Primary Wound Dressing) has in fact performed a prolonged antiseptic function while maintaining the right degree of local hydration, essential for the correct carrying out of the reparative processes.
CONCLUSIONS: In undermined or fistulous ulcers, the use of oil-based dressings, such as the oily mix of Neem and Hypericum Perforatum (1-Primary Wound Dressing), can represent a valid local therapeutic choice.