Clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical management of schwannomas of the upper digestive tract


COD: 07_2022_3620-1 Categorie: ,

Cem Kaan Parsak, Zafer Teke, Ugur Topal, Ayse Gizem Unal, Nebil Bal

Ann Ital Chir, 2022 93, 3: 307-312

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AIM: Schwannoma is a peripheral nervous system tumor arising from Schwann cells of the neural sheath, and they are very rarely seen in the upper digestive tract. In this study, we aimed to present the clinicopathologic characteristics and surgical management of patients who underwent surgical treatment for esophageal or gastric schwannoma.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who were diagnosed with esophageal or gastric schwannoma between January 2013 and January 2020 were included in the study. Demographic, clinicopathological and immunohistochemical parameters of the patients were analyzed along with the follow-up results.
RESULTS: There were 13 patients in our study. Nine patients had gastric schwannoma and 4 patients had esophageal schwannoma. Female gender was dominant (61.5%). The mean age was 56 years. Esophageal tumors were all enucleated. Minimal invasive approach was preferred in 3 patients. Gastric tumors were most commonly localized in the lesser curvature. Three patients underwent laparoscopic wedge resection, 3 patients open wedge resection, 2 patients subtotal gastrectomy, and one patient proximal gastrectomy. Intraoperative or postoperative complications did not develop in any patient. No patient required reoperation, and there were no deaths within 90 days postoperatively. In the postoperative 90-day period, there was no unplanned re-admission to the hospital. The mean follow-up period was 53.4 months (range: 23-93 months). No recurrence was detected in any patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Definitive diagnosis of schwannomas is made only by histopathologic examination postoperatively. S-100 expression has diagnostic significance. The preferred treatment is complete surgical excision with negative margins, and the long-term outcome is excellent as these lesions are mostly benign.