Central placenta praevia accreta with focal bladder percretism. Conservative management

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COD: 07_05_2021_3538_ep Categorie: ,

Vito Leanza, Maria Giovanna Verzì, Fortunato Genovese, Francesco Maria Colaleo, Gianluca Leanza, Marco Palumbo

Ann Ital Chir, 2021; 10 – May 7
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Placenta praevia is a condition when placenta is inserted in an abnormal position near or over the internal cervical orifice (ICO). Abnormal placental attachment (placenta accreta, increta, percreta) is a wide spectrum disorder ranging from abnormal adherence to deeply invasive placental tissue. We report a very rare case of central placenta praevia accreta and focal bladder percretism in a 29 years old pregnant woman with an obstetrical history of one previous vaginal delivery and four curettages following miscarriage. She was taken in charge by Catania S. Marco’ university-hospital at 20 weeks with diagnosis of Central Placenta Praevia and Accreta (CPPA) detected by means of ultrasounds (US).
At 31 weeks Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) confirmed CPPA with focal bladder percretism. After alerting multidisciplinary team and obtaining blood units available, a Caesarean Section (CS) at 34 weeks was planned, when by means of US a detachment area with bleeding was observed. An adequate informed consent was completed, where the pregnant woman and her husband accepted the risk of possible hysterectomy and blood transfusions. A Pfannestiel’s laparotomy with transversal corporal uterine incision, bilateral uterine ligation, packed tamponage, removal of placental tissue separated during fetal extraction and leaving a portion of placenta only in the place of percretism, allowed conservative intervention (uterus preservation) ending in good results for both mother and fetus.