Atraumatic splenic rupture: an atypical presentation in a previously healthy patient


COD: 2438_23_12_2015_ep Categorie: ,

Fausto Famà, Giovanni Scibilia, Antonio Ieni, Dario Lo Presti, Alessandra Villari, Maria Gioffrè Florio

Ann. Ital. Chir.Published online (EP) 23 December 2015

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Atraumatic splenic rupture represents a life-threatening abdominal event that requires immediate diagnosis and promptsurgical treatment to ensure the survival of the patient. Atraumatic rupture is relatively uncommon and can occur eitherin pathological spleens or, more rarely, in normal ones. It has a high morbidity, frequently with few and non specificsigns suggesting its presence, can be associated to other pathologies incidentally discovered by imaging. We present a case,successfully treated, of a 51-year-old man, previously healthy, that referred to our hospital for arterial hypertension andabdominal pain; the patient, for an idiopathic splenic rupture with haemoperitoneum, underwent an open splenectomywhose histology examination showed a normal spleen.