Adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity.

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COD: 397-400 Categorie: ,

Giancarlo Micheletto, Giancarlo Roviaro, Ezio Lattuada, Marco Antonio Zappa, Enrico Mozzi, Massimo Perrini, Marco Lanni, Massimo Francese, Maria Cristina Librenti, Santo Bressani Doldi

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2006; 77: 397-400

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BACKGROUND: The adjustable gastric banding is considered the most common procedure in Europe for the treatment of
morbid obesity. We report our experience with this procedure, that was introduced in our Departments of Surgery since
1993.
METHODS: From December 1993 to December 2004, 684 morbid obese patients (139 males and 545 females) underwent
adjustable gastric banding (AGB) in our departments of Surgery. The first 323 patients were operated with perigastric
procedure, the following 361 patients with pars flaccida technique. 601 patients were operated with laparoscopic approach,
83 with open approach. The average follow-up is 5 years.
RESULTS: Mean BMI decreased from 42.2 to 34 Kg/m2 five years after the operation, with an EWL of 54 %. The
main early complications were: intraoperative gastric perforation (5 patients, 1 of which repaired in laparoscopy); hemorrhage
from short gastric vessels (3 patient, repaired in laparotomy). The major late complications were: intragastric band
migration (7 patients); irreversible dilatation of the gastric pouch (42 patients, treated surgically with band removal or
repositioning).
CONCLUSION: In our experience laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding is a safe and effective procedure, suitable to most
patients, and should be considered as the first choice in the surgical treatment of morbid obesity.

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