Acute cholecystitis: when is the best time for laparoscopic cholecystectomy?


COD: 023-27 Categorie: ,

Nicolas Condilis, Nicolas Sikalias, Lamprini Mountzalia, John Vasilopoulos, Christos Koynnos, Theodoros Kotsifas

Ann. Ital. Chir., 2008; 79: 23-27

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Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is no more an elective procedure. The question is when to perform laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the face of acute cholecystitis. The last decade (1995-2004) 297 patients had a laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis.One hyndred forty six of them were operated in the first 24-48h after the onset of symptoms (group I), 68 were operated in less than 4 weeks time after the attack of the acute cholecystitis (group II), while the rest 83 patients had a history of acute cholecystitis at least four weeks before their elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy (group III). Analysis of the operative time, complications and hospital stay showed that laparoscopic cholecystectomy in acute cholecystitis is the recommended surgical procedure. The success of the operation depends on the degree of the inflammatory changes in the gallbladder and the expertise of the operator both in emergency and laparoscopic surgery. Timing of the operation is crucial to executing a successful procedure. The operation is easier, faster and safer when performed in first 4-5 days of the onset of symptoms.