A prospective comparative study of ultrasonography, contrast-enhanced MRI and 18F-FDG PET/CT for preoperative detection of axillary lymph node metastasis in breast cancer patients.

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COD: 25_03_2020_3170_aop Categorie: , ,

Isa Burak Guney, Kubilay Dalci, Zafer Teke, Kadir Alper Kucuker

Ann Ital Chir, Digital Edition 2020; 9
Epub Ahead of Print – March 25

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AIM: We aimed to evaluate; (i) the accuracy of ultrasonography (US), contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) for detection of axillary lymph node metastases (ALNMs), (ii) the role of late prone imaging, and (iii) the effect of PET/CT on preoperative staging of breast cancer.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: From June 2015 to January 2019, 236 breast cancer patients were preoperatively exam ined using US, cMRI, and PET/CT and whom underwent pathological evaluations of axillary lymph nodes were analyzed. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), negative predictive value (NPV), and accuracy (ACC) of US, cMRI, and PET/CT for ALNMs were determined.
RESULTS: There were 235 female and one male in our study. The mean age was 55,6±11,3 years. Of 158 patients who were histopathologically evaluated, 85 patients (36%) were negative and 73 patients (30.9%) were positive for ALNMs. The remaining 78 patients who were only radiologically evaluated with US and/or cMRI, 24 patients (10.2%) were negative and 54 patients (22.9%) were positive for ALNMs. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and ACC of PET/CT were 80.0%, 92.2%, 92.0%, 80.3%, and 85.7%, re spectively. The axillary lymph node, which was suspicious in supine imaging, remained in the suspicious group again in prone imaging in PET/CT.
CONCLUSIONS: There is no single absolute modality for de tecting ALNMs in breast cancers to replace sentinel lymph node biopsy or axillary lymph node dissection. If ALNM is suspected based on PET/CT, axillary lymph node dissection without sentinel lymph node biopsy might be a better option because it is related to high possibilities of ALNM.

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